Cancer is dangerous but treatment is possible if you learn about it at an early stage. According to experts, skincare is common in the body areas where sun exposure is common. When you go outside, your face, arms, hands, and chest are the most targeted areas of your which are at risk.
Cancer specialists in Karachi mention the fact that only exposed areas are not on target the most but other parts of your body can also develop cancer. These locations include ears, neck, lips, scalp, genitals, feet bottom, under fingernails, etc.
The appearance of skin cancer is like a mole, spot, or freckle.
Here are some facts about skin cancer, you need to learn about.
Actinic keratosis is a pre-cancer that appears as a crusty lesion or you can notice it as scaly. Studies say that it can appear on any part of the body but the most common locations include, lips, forearms, face, scalp, ears, neck, back of your hands, shoulders, scalp, etc.
One thing that you will notice is that these areas are the most common exposure to sunlight. When these lesions appear, you may find them so small. Experts reveal that you may find them by touching them as they often cannot be found by sight.
They feel like sandpaper on your skin as they are raised. These lesions become red or tan. Some people share that they turn red or remain the same as your skin colour.
When you see these lesions, get medical help as soon as possible or it will become squamous cell carcinoma.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Sun-exposed body parts are mostly at risk of developing squamous cell carcinomas. They are also developed on genitals or inside your mouth. It causes the tumours that can appear as:
- Bleed and crust open sore that does not heal.
- A wart-like growth that crusts or bleeds.
- Scaly and red patches that often bleed.
Squamous cell carcinoma feels tender and leads to itching that can turn into skin inflammation. When a person scratches the skin intensely, it leads to skin infections that need antibiotics.
Melanoma is not a common skin cancer type but do you know that it is considered a serious threat?
It is common on the legs of the women, chest, back, head, and neck of the men. But it can be developed on any part of the body, even in the eyes.
Asymmetrical: cancerous moles are asymmetrical as one side looks different from the other.
Border: Raised, notched, and ragged is a sign of cancer.
Change in Color: Color variation in freckles is often caused by cancer, like blue, brown, white, etc.
Diameter: Freckles or moles larger than 6 millimetres can be symptoms of skin cancer.
Evolving: Changes in moles and freckles.
Skin Care Treatment
The early stage of skin cancer can be treated by removing the lesions. Different ways to treat skin cancer are:
Topical preparations are often prescribed, like imiquimod and 5-fluorouracil. It takes several weeks to remove actinic keratosis and superficial basal cell carcinomas.
To stop the growth, liquid nitrogen is used. When you apply it to the affected area, it falls off the growth and shrinks without any incision. Actinic keratosis is a skin cancer type that is treated by cryosurgery.
Scalpel helps to remove the healthy appearance of the skin. Healthy skin is used for testing skin cancer cells. The procedure is repeated when cancer cells are found.
How to Prevent Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer treatment is possible but the best practice is to prevent skin cancer development.
- Sunscreen of at least 30 SPF protects your skin against the harmful ultraviolet rays that can put you at high risk of skin cancer.
- Reapply sunscreen every two hours.
- Avoid sun exposure at peak hours, and wear sunglasses.
Experts suggest doing a self-examination of your skin at least once a month. It will help you to find the skin cancer signs if you have developed as early treatment is more effective and slow down the progress.